What is Mutual Fund with Examples?

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If you’re considering investing in a mutual fund but aren’t sure if it’s the right choice for you, it’s important to educate yourself on how they operate, the different types of funds available, and the benefits and drawbacks of each. Let us overview about what is mutual fund with examples in this section.

There is a certain objective for each mutual fund, and the manager of the fund employs a specific method to try to achieve that objective. It could invest in equities globally, in a specific region or country, in companies with big dividends or rapidly expanding revenues, and so on. Alternatively, its managers may select under-priced stocks or bonds they believe are less vulnerable to credit risk. Also you can learn about what is direct plan in mutual funds for more informative purpose.

What is Mutual Fund?

Mutual funds allow investors to pool their resources in order to more efficiently spread their money over a variety of different financial instruments. Money is typically invested in stocks, bonds, money market products like CDs and money market funds. Three major categories of assets are shares of stock, debt, and money market instruments. You can invest in these things for the short term, the intermediate term, or the long term. Each investment has its own inherent level of danger that must be weighed against the potential reward.

Common investors pool their capital in a mutual fund, which then buys securities like stocks and bonds. A portfolio is a collection of stocks from various firms and sectors.

Examples of Mutual Fund

Mutual fund investors do not take physical possession of the stocks or bonds that the fund has purchased with its own capital. Instead, they profit from an increase in the value of the holdings through their ownership of shares in the underlying fund.

You can calculate a fund’s NAV by taking its asset value and subtracting its liability value. After the closing of trading each day, this figure is determine. A share’s NAV can be determine by dividing the fund’s NAV by the total number of shares in circulation.

An open-ended investment vehicle, such as a mutual fund, may issue and repurchase shares at any moment. It is possible to resell shares of a mutual fund to the fund at roughly its net asset value (NAV) through the fund’s broker or directly to the fund (NAV).

Some of the examples of growth mutual funds are BlackRock Capital Appreciation Fund, Bridgeway Small-Cap Growth. Few of the examples of money market mutual fund are Vanguard Treasury Money Market Fund, PMorgan Prime Money Market Fund. Some more examples of high-yield bond mutual funds are Fidelity Series High Income, BlackRock High Yield Bond and more.

Benefits of Mutual Fund

The mutual funds are then classified into subsets according to their investment aims. While some investors prioritize safety and steady returns, others relish the thrill of high stakes gambling in pursuit of massive financial rewards. Let’s take a look at some benefits of mutual fund below:


Most investors lack the knowledge, time, or resources to create their own diversified stock and bond portfolio. Investing in a mutual fund, however, provides investors with access to a diversified portfolio that is manage by experts, regardless of their level of experience or knowledge.Diversification Mutual Fund.

No investor, no matter how seasoned, should ever “place all their eggs in one basket,” or keep all of their money, in a single form of investment. This proverb illustrates why mutual funds are a sensible investment vehicle.

To properly diversify with individual equities, an investor may need to acquire a sizable number of securities. However, a small number of mutual funds with a broad focus can provide substantial diversity. For instance, you can gain exposure to all of the stocks comprising a significant market benchmark by investing in an index fund.


It is relatively easy to purchase mutual funds, whether through a traditional brokerage account or direct investments by the company that offers the fund. While many mutual fund firms do require a minimum investment before purchasing shares. There are occasions when you can begin purchasing shares with no minimum at all.

You can start investing with as little as $1 in Fidelity’s index mutual funds, and if you sign up for TIAA’s automatic share purchase scheme .You can avoid the $2,500 minimum commitment altogether.


Investors can gain exposure to virtually any market segment by choosing from among the numerous types of mutual funds available. Sector funds are one way for investors to gain exposure to a narrow subset of the stock market. Gold, other precious metals, oil, and natural gas are all examples of commodities that investors can gain exposure to by purchasing shares in a fund that invests in the firms that produce these products. This leeway can be use to further diversify a growing mutual fund portfolio.

Structure of Mutual Funds

Investing in a mutual fund in India involves establishing a trust. To maximize returns while minimizing exposure to risk, these funds make investments in both equities securities and fixed-income securities. Let’s examine the structure of mutual funds:


All of the AMC’s stocks and other securities are held in safekeeping by a custodian. The custodian manages the investment account for the fund house.


This individual initiates the trust or mutual fund. Like an advocate for a product or service, a sponsor helps spread the word about a company’s existence. Mutual funds have a board of trustees, asset manager, and custodian, all of which are established by the fund’s sponsor.

Directorate Members

The trustees’ duty is to safeguard the interests of Mutual Fund shareholders. The trustees have an additional responsibility to ensure that the fund house complies with all Securities Exchange Board of India regulations (SEBI). At least four members of the board should have no vested interest in the company. The sponsor’s signature on the Trust Deed directs the trustees.

The board ensures the fund house has established adequate infrastructure and proper procedures for the efficient operation and management of the fund. Key members of the fund house include the board of directors and the fund managers (scheme-wise). Rules for on-boarding and working with brokers and agents, as well as other forms of internal control and auditing, are devised by the fund house’s management.

Asset Management Company

An asset management company (AMC) or fund house will be responsible for overseeing the trust’s investments. Everyday operations would fall within its purview. That means it’s responsible with the funds that investors have provided. The AMC or fund house is selected by the sponsor or the board of trustees. SEBI clearance is require before to establishing the AMC. The sponsor should pay 60% of the current value.


Investments in mutual funds can provide exposure to a wide variety of market segments, but certain funds are costly, and holding them in a taxable account might impose additional tax liabilities on the investor. Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are an alternative to mutual funds. They are tradable like stocks, are purchased on the secondary market, and are ideal for active traders. This is all about to understand what is mutual fund with examples in this topic.

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