What is Investment Risk with Examples?

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Think about the risks involved with your portfolio’s investments before making any decisions. Knowing the relative riskiness of various asset classes can help you select the products that are most suitable for your current risk tolerance and objectives. Let us understand what is investment risk with examples in this article.

The possibility of monetary loss while investing is what we mean when we talk about risk. The possibility that an investment’s actual return will differ from its anticipated one is another factor to consider. The third meaning relates to the spread of investment returns relative to their mean value (this means returns go up and down more than expected).

What is Investment Risk?

The term “investment risk” refers to the degree of apprehension and/or potential for financial loss that comes with making a specific investment. Investing entails risk because you can lose money or not make as much as you hoped.

To put it simply, investment risk is the potential for financial loss relative to the expected return on an investment. However, the volatility of the stock market isn’t the only risk to your portfolio. The state of the economy, the duration of your investment holding period, and other factors may all put your portfolio at danger.

Examples of Investment Risk

The liquidity, growth, and security of an investor’s funds might vary widely depending on the type of account they have. Each type of risk accounts for one-half of the total. Let’s have a better understanding of the many examples of investment risk.

Uncertain Risk

Spreading investments around can help reduce or even eliminate unsystematic risk, which is also refer as “diversifiable risk”. That portion of total risk that is specific to a given enterprise, field, or piece of real estate. Companies face unsystematic risk when it comes to issues like management, finances, strikes, and customer preferences. Business risk, event risk, financial risk, default risk, downgrading risk, Credit risk, liquidity risk, etc. are all examples of unsystematic risk.

The two primary categories of unsystematic risk are financial and business. More details on these two categories of investing risk are provided in the preceding bullet points. Diversification can help reduce the impact of unsystematic risk but has little effect on systematic risk. You can reduce your exposure to any one company’s performance by purchasing 20 stocks from diverse large-capitalization corporations, but this is not mandatory. Investing in a mutual fund is a simple way to build a diversify portfolio.

Systemic Risk

The prices of all identical investments are affect by systemic risk. The economic, political, and social elements that have varying effects on all securities are meant by the term “systematic” here. The term “systematic risk” is shorthand for the inherent danger of investing.

Systemic risk cannot be eliminated through dispersal. Interest rate risk, market risk, reinvestment rate risk, inflation risk, currency exchange rate risk, etc. are all examples of systematic risks. Consider this possibility while putting money into foreign instruments.

Key Important Types of Investment Risk

Investors in one fund whose money is invest in another fund will be subject to the same risks as those investors in the first fund. There is always a chance that you could lose some or all of the money you invest. Here are several overarching dangers that can affect any asset type discussed on this site. What follows is by no means an exhaustive list. There are potential losses associated with any investment approach and product. These losses may vary depending on the approach or product chosen. Let us see the key important types of investment risk below.

Fluctuating Interest Rates Risk

When interest rates change, the value of fixed-income securities often decreases. The potential for losses due to fluctuations in interest rates is higher for longer-term fixed income assets than for those with shorter maturities.

Credit Risk

The value of a fixed-income instrument could decrease or interest or principal might not be payable when due if the issuer or guarantor experiences financial or commercial difficulties. Low-rated securities pose a greater threat to investors than high-rated ones.

Alternatives Investment Risks

Many alternative investments employ leverage, which can magnify losses. They may also be exposed to heightened illiquidity, volatility, and counterparty risks. By opting to cover its own losses rather than pay premiums to an insurance carrier, a business engages in self-insurance, a form of alternative risk transfer.

Hedging Risk

When investing, one might hedge their bets by simultaneously holding the opposing position in a second asset with similar characteristics. While hedging can limit losses, it typically also lowers potential gains. You will need to pay a fee, known as a “premium,” in exchange for the security that hedging provides.

Mortgage or Asset-backed Securities Risk

Mortgage- and asset-backed securities are vulnerable to prepayment risk if the principal of the underlying loans is repayble sooner than anticipated. Prepayment risk makes it hard to estimate how long mortgage- and asset-backed securities will last.

Capital Investment Risk

The political climate, market sentiment, government regulations, and even the state of the economy can all pose threats. Everyone ought to consider the potential threats to their financial security before making any investments. It’s possible that the value of your investment will increase or decrease from the amount you first invested.

Money Markets Risk

If you invest in currencies, currency derivatives, similar products, or securities denominated in a foreign currency. You may be exposed to fluctuations in the value of your investment if the value of one currency fluctuates in respect to another currency.

Liquidity Risk

Investments that aren’t liquid may fluctuate significantly in value, and there’s no assurance they may be sold for what they’re really worth. Losing money because you can’t pay your payments on time or because they’re too expensive to pay is called liquidity risk.

Investment Risk in the Stock Market

Economy, government regulations, market attitude, local and international political events, environmental and technological challenges. Also even the weather can all have an impact on the stock market. When you invest money in stocks, you take on a form of market risk known as equity risk. Stock market values fluctuate constantly in response to shifts in supply and demand. Investment losses due to a decline in the market value of your shares is an example of equity risk.

Leverage Investment Risk

Leverage increases the portfolio’s vulnerability to events including investment losses that are greater than they would have been without the use of leverage. Margin calls that could necessitate early liquidation of investment positions.

Manager Risk

The effectiveness of an investment is determine by the skill and experience of the team managing the portfolio. Investment portfolios can under-perform or even lose a lot of money if the techniques employed do not provide the desired results, opportune situations do not arise. Or the team responsible for implementing the strategies does a poor job of doing so.


While most people associate risk with potential for loss, it actually refers to the possibility that the value of an investment will fluctuate in a way that is unexpected. The degree to which an investment’s actual return deviates from its predicted return is a measure of the risk associated with that investment. High returns might be expected from riskier investments, while poor returns can be expected from safer ones.

Investment The term “risk” refers to the potential for a negative return on an investment. All investments are subject to the possibility of loss, although this danger can be mitigated to some extent by the astute investor through education and spread across multiple investments. The investor can achieve financial success and realise their financial goals through prudent risk management.

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