What is FDI with Examples?


“Foreign Direct Investment,” or FDI for short, is one of the most crucial methods in which countries invest directly in each other. Unlike FPIs, investors from one nation are not restricted from owning a majority position in foreign companies or organizations that receive funding from that country. Investments from outside are a useful indicator of a country’s economic and political health. Let us understand what is FDI with examples in this topic.

This suggests that a country is more likely to have a robust and developing economy. If it consistently receives large amounts of investment from other nations. The more foreign direct investment (FDI) a country receives, the more benefits it may offer its businesses in the form of favorable tariffs, tax breaks or incentives, and the opportunity to diversify into new markets. Receiving foreign investment can have a number of positive effects on a country. Including the creation of new jobs, an increase in the country’s GDP, and exposure to cutting-edge business practices and technologies.

What is FDI (Foreign Direct Investment)?

When a citizen of one country invests money in a company or business based in another country, they are engaging in foreign direct investment (FDI). Foreign direct investment (FDI) is distinct from foreign portfolio investments (FPIs). In which investors just hold securities issued by a foreign government without actively trading in or otherwise exploiting them. Direct investments abroad can take the form of either the purchase of a long-term interest or the expansion of an existing business into a new country.

When a business or individual from outside of the country purchases a controlling interest in a domestic company, this is refer as a foreign direct investment (FDI). Typically, this word is used to describe a corporate decision to acquire a sizable stake in, or perhaps the entirety of, a foreign firm in order to enter a new market. It’s not a term you hear when discussing buying equity in a foreign company.

Foreign direct investment (or “FDI”) is a “investment across borders” in which an investor from one country exercises “control or a significant degree of influence” over a company located in another economy, as defined by the International Monetary Fund (or “IMF”).

An Overview

Foreign investments can be either “organic” (involving living organisms) or “inorganic” (involving nonliving things). An organic investment is one in which a foreign investor provides capital to an existing company with the goal of fostering its further development and expansion. Buying an existing company in the target market constitutes an example of an inorganic investment.

Foreign direct investments (FDIs) provide a much-needed economic boost to struggling enterprises in developing and expanding economies. Like India and other parts of South and Southeast Asia. The Indian government has taken several measures to increase foreign investment in the country’s. Like defense industry, telecommunications sector, public oil refineries, and information technology sector.

Since FDI does not involve debt, it has the ability to play a significant role in India’s economic development. Both globalization and internationalization have had a role in facilitating FDI. However, the “Father of International Business,” Canadian economist Stephen Hymer, predicted in the 1960s that foreign investments would continue to increase rapidly for three reasons.

The first advantage was that it provided them sway over foreign companies. Second, it assisted several commercial sectors in eliminating monopolistic practices. Thirdly, these investments provide a safety net for businesses in the event of a sudden and unexpected downturn in commercial activity due to market faults.

Examples of FDI

Foreign direct investments can take the shape of mergers, purchases, or partnerships in the retail, services, logistics, or industrial sectors. As so, they demonstrate the firm’s aspiration for global expansion.

Legal issues are another potential snag for them to encounter. The American semiconductor firm Nvidia has acquired the British chip designer ARM. The U.K.’s competition authority has pledged to investigate whether the $40 billion deal will reduce competition in industries that rely on semiconductor chips.

Foreign direct investment (FDI) in China’s high-tech manufacturing and services sectors has boosted the country’s economy. Meanwhile, changes to India’s FDI rules have made it possible for foreign investors to own up to 100% of a single-brand store without obtaining any special authorization from the Indian government. The regulatory decision supposedly makes it simpler for Apple to enter the Indian market by opening a retail outlet there. All sales of Apple’s iPhones up until this point had to be made through authorized resellers.


Direct investments in other countries can take several forms, including the establishment of a foreign branch or affiliate. The acquisition of a majority ownership in an existing foreign firm, or the formation of a merger or joint venture between the two firms. Also learn about debentures for additional knowledge purpose.

Ultimately, this definition could shift. When purchasing fewer than 10% of a firm’s voting shares, it may be possible to gain control of that company. In the context of FDI, control is of paramount importance. To exert control over an overseas organization implies a desire to govern and shape its operations. Foreign direct investment is distinct from passively holding a foreign portfolio due to this factor.

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